Tanzania is one of my favourite countries and I come back every time with the same impatience and curiosity. I like the people, I like the stories and I like when I see the happiness of tourists. Tanzania is the largest state in East Africa. Its name was invented in 1964 by President Julius Nyerere.
From the west, Tanzania is washed by the fresh waters of the deepest lake in Africa, and from the east - by the salty waves of the ocean. Between them lie over 900,000 km² of plains, forests and mountains. The north is occupied by volcanic heights with a dry and relatively cool climate. The south is hotter, and the coast and islands are saturated with moisture from the ocean.
The first rainy season in northern Tanzania begins in mid-March and lasts until the end of May. The hottest months are October, November and December. The best period to visit Tanzania is considered to be the months from July to October, as well as January and February.
The reefs of the islands of Pemba and Zanzibar are considered the most popular diving spots on the entire continent.
More than 100 peoples and tribes live in the country, however, in comparison with its neighbours, it has succeeded more in creating a national community and a single culture. Tanzania is famous for its original musical traditions, which combine local motives and European values.
Residents of Tanzania value simplicity and satiety, therefore, there is always food rich in carbohydrates. The natives of the coast and islands prefer rice, which is cooked with spices. The meat is grilled or boiled, serving both as the first course. Flour in Tanzania is available in the form of tortillas (chapatis) and sweet buns (mandazi). The cuisine of the islands and the coast is the realm of curries. The main difference from Indian cooking is that pepper is consumed in moderation.
The North is the most accessible region of Tanzania. Easy access from both the coast of Tanzania and from abroad. You can go on a safari directly from the arrivals hall. Domestic flights to Kilimanjaro are available.
This part of Tanzania is the least of all explored by travellers, and yet the third natural wonder of the country after Kilimanjaro and the Ngorongoro Caldera is located here. This is Tanganyika: the longest freshwater lake on the planet.
The procedure for obtaining a visa at the Tanzanian border is the same as in neighbouring countries of East Africa. A special regime operates in Zanzibar. Although the archipelago is part of Tanzania, foreigners are still forced to show their passports. At the same time, you do not need to pay anything, and when you return to the mainland, a new visa is also not required.
The Tanzanian Shilling (TZS) has been in circulation since 1966. Tanzanian money depicts notable buildings and natural monuments. Shillings are the main currency you will have to deal with in Tanzania. You can get hold of them at an exchange office.
In modern Tanzania, there are more than 130 hunting farms with a total area of about 250,000 km². Since 1998, local communities have been involved in organizing hunting, defining the boundaries of the lands and receiving a share of the income. Hunting grounds are not fenced off, but are managed by private hunting companies. The hunting season opens annually on July 1st and lasts until December 31st. Registration of licenses and permits in Tanzania is free, but there is a fee for the right to export trophies. In general, a hunting safari is expensive.
Tanzania's exotic beaches, including the white sandy shores of Zanzibar, offer both relaxation and adventure. Tourism has developed explosively in recent years, being supported by government authorities and private businesses. Emphasis was placed on infrastructure, new hotels, lodges and charming luxury camps. Almost a quarter of the country's surface has been ceded to national parks and hunting reserves, and only a small number of locals make sure that nature and wildlife remain unchanged.